Teacher Resources

Glossary  – We put together a list of terms important to this project that the teachers and students may not have been familiar with and provided the definitions.

Background Materials – We compiled lists of books, websites, and multimedia platforms to provide additional information on the following topics that were relevant to this project.

Antarctica Resources:


McGonigal, David (2008) Antarctica: Secrets of the southern continent.  Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books, Inc.

Soper, Tony (2008 – 5th ed.) Antarctica: A guide to the wildlife. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press

Streever, Bill (2009) Cold: Adventures in the world’s frozen places. NY: Little, Brown, & Company

Trewby, Mary, ed. (2002) Antarctica: An encyclopedia from Abbott Ice Shelf to zooplankton. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books, Inc.

United Nations Environment Programme List of Polar Books Collection


Classroom Antarctica (

Cool Antarctica ( – Excellent source of information on the effects of global warming

Palmer Long Term Ecological Research (


Trailer: Antarctica – Beyond the Ice – An exciting inter-disciplinary documentary, funded in part by the National Science Foundation, following a world class team of scientists and researches as they race across the world’s fastest winter-warming place to study a changing ocean.

DVD: Antarctica – An adventure of a different nature (IMAX – 1991) –Antarctica is replete with breathtaking aerial and underwater footage of the earth’s highest, coldest, and driest continent.

DVD: March of the Penguins (2005) – Chronicles the life cycle of Emperor penguins, filmed over the course of a year.

DVD: Encounters at the end of the world (2007) – Famous director Werner Herzog’s take on the southern continent including unusual people, underwater life, and penguins.

DVD: Frozen Planet (2011) – Nature documentary series focused on life and the environment in both the Arctic and Antarctic, co-produced by the BBC, Discovery Channel, and The Open University;


Krill and Plankton Resources:


Cerullo, Mary M. (1999) Sea Soup: Phytoplankton. Gardiner, ME: Tilbury House Publishers

Cerullo, Mary M. (1999) Sea Soup: Zooplankton. Gardiner, ME: Tilbury House Publishers

Johnson, William S., Dennis M. Allen, and Marni Fylling (2005) Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf coasts: A guide to their identification and ecology. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press

Smith, Deboyd L., and Kevin B. Johnson (1996) A guide to marine coastal plankton and marine invertebrate larvae. New York: Kendall Hunt Publishing Company

Haeckel, Ernst. (1998) Art forms in nature.  Germany, Prestel Publishing


Krill natural history and life cycle description (

Description of krill natural history (

National Geographic article about krill, krill’s importance in the Antarctic food web, and the impacts of climate change on krill (

Brine Shrimp Life Cycle (

Brine Shrimp Fact Sheet (

Exploration of brine shrimp life history and habitats (

Bigelow laboratory for ocean sciences ( – This is the website for the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences in Maine.  They are home to the largest living library of marine phytoplankton in the world.  Their website offers a number of free educational materials on phytoplankton, marine food webs, upwelling, and more.

These are some good examples of their plankton related lessons:

NASA Earth Observatory ( – A nice article on phytoplankton with some excellent pictures and diagrams covering much of what we will be discussing.

NASA – Ocean color from satellites? ( Go to this page to see past and current datasets of NASA’s satellites designed to measure ocean color.

Oceanic Research ( – this 12 minute video provides a good introduction to “What is plankton?” Requires quicktime.

Plankton*Net ( – A taxonomic database of images of plankton species

Sea Drifters ( – An audio slideshow showing the variety and importance of plankton

Guide to marine plankton (

Ocean Science and Climate Resources:


Future Climate Change resources from the Environmental Protection Agency (

Climate Change Impacts – compiled resources from National Oceanographic & Atmospheric Administration (

Sea Surface Temperature as Climate Change Indicator in the United States by the Environmental Protection Agency (

Climate Change 2007: Working Group I: The Physical Science Basis – Sea Surface Temperature and Marine Air Temperature (

Comparison of Ocean Temperatures Reveals Rise over the Last Century: Ocean robots used in Scripps-led study that traces ocean warming to late 19th century (httpss://

“The Myth of the 1970s Global Cooling Scientific Consensus” article exploring the factors in the 1970s global cooling era, by Thomas C. Peterson, William Connolley, and John Fleck, American Meteorolgical Society, Sept 2006 (

Ocean Link – explore careers in marine science ( – Interviews and pro of marine scientists, and links to many other institution career pages.

Rutgers Coastal Ocean Observation Lab (COOL Room) “What does an oceanographer look like?” video (

NASA’s Ocean Motion site ( – A great resource for detailed information about ocean currents.

NOAA Ocean Careers to inspire Another Generation of Explorers (OceanAGE) (

Bridge ( – Free teacher approved marine education resources.  Supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association and the National Marine Educators Association, maintained by the Virginia Institute of Marine Science.

COOL Classroom ( – The Cool Classroom is a series of internet-based instructional modules that link middle and high school classrooms with active research investigations at the Rutgers Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences Coastal Ocean Observation Lab.

COSEE-NOW: Centers for Ocean Sciences Educational Excellence – Networked Ocean World ( – Links ocean scientists and educators in the real and virtual world. Their Ocean Literacy Interactive Animation provides a lot of great background information about the importance of the ocean to climate and the human connection to the ocean. (

Ocean Literacy Principles (


DVD: An inconvenient truth (2006) – Former Vice-President Al Gore guides the viewer through an understanding of global warming and its possible consequences.


Ocean Acidification Resources:


Gattuso, Jean-Pierre, and Lina Hansson (2011) Ocean Acidification. Oxford University Press. 326 p.

Riebesell, U., Fabry, V.J., Hansson, L., and J.-P. Gattuso (Eds.). 2011. Guide to best practices for ocean acidification research and data reporting. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 260 p.


IPCC Climate Change 2007: Working Group I: The Physical Science Basis: Ocean Acidification by Carbon Dioxide (

IPCC Climate Change 2007: Working Group I: The Physical Science Basis: 10.4.2 Ocean Acidification Due to Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide (

IPCC 20 Facts about Ocean Acidification (English:, Spanish/French/German:

Ocean Acidification ( – North Carolina at Fort Fisher’s visual representation of what is involved in the calcifying implications of increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry (

European Project on Ocean Acidification, EPOCA (

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (

Carbon Dioxide Research Group, LDEO (


Acid Test: The Global Challenge of Ocean Acidification ( The Natural Resources Defense Council’s (NRDC’s) documentary exploring the phenomenon of ocean acidification.

List of service learning options about what students can do about climate change and ocean acidification.

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